Fraud is a serious problem that affects individuals, businesses, and the economy as a whole. It can take many forms, from identity theft and credit card fraud to investment scams and tax evasion. The best way to combat fraud is to raise fraud awareness. Being aware of it helps protect personal information and property. This page provides information on fraud, how it happens, and what we can do to prevent it.

Overview of fraud awareness

Fraud awareness is essential for individuals and businesses alike. There are many different types of fraud, and it can be challenging to keep track of all the different ways people can commit fraud. 

Fraud is “dishonest or illegal activity with the intention of gain or causing loss”. This can include activities such as

  • Forgery: creating or altering documents to deceive others
  • Identity theft: using another person’s identity to commit fraud
  • Money laundering: hiding the origins of illegally-obtained money
  • Bribery and corruption: offering or accepting bribes in exchange for favours or influence

Most common types of fraud

Fraud comes in many forms, but some are more common than others. There are several types of fraud, but the following are the most common:

  1. Identity theft

Identity theft occurs when someone uses one’s personal information to commit fraud or other crimes against them.  This can include stealing their credit card numbers, social security numbers, date of birth, and other information to open new accounts in their name or make purchases without their knowledge.

  1. Phishing

Phishing scams are emails that appear legitimate but are attempts by criminals to trick one into revealing personal information such as user names and passwords, credit card numbers, and social security numbers.

  1. Bank fraud

A bank fraud occurs when someone obtains access to a person’s bank account information without their permission in order to withdraw money or conduct unauthorised transactions. Bank fraud is a type of fraud committed to a financial institution. It can take many forms, including check fraud, credit card fraud, and identity theft. 

  1. Credit card fraud

Credit card fraud is the act of using a stolen or fake credit card to make purchases. Credit card fraud can occur online or in person, and can include using a stolen credit card to make online purchases, or using a fake card to purchase goods at a store.

  1. Insurance fraud

Fraudulent insurance claims cost billions of dollars every year. It’s a problem that can affect anyone. In this article, we’ll be looking at insurance fraud, why it happens, and how one can avoid being a victim of an insurance fraud scam.

  1. Investment fraud

Investment fraud is a type of financial fraud that involves the misuse of money by investors. They typically make investments through a broker or financial advisor, who may be legally required to act in the investor’s best interest, but who may instead take advantage of an investor’s trust to make a quick profit for themselves.

  1. Tax fraud

This refers to any type of fraudulent activity related to taxes, such as claiming false deductions or filing false returns. Tax fraud occurs when someone intentionally falsifies or omits information on their tax return or works with someone else to give false information on their tax return. The IRS considers this fraud a crime and can impose fines and penalties for those who commit it.

  1. Phone fraud

These scams involve using a telephone to contact potential victims, often to collect personal information or money. Phone frauds typically involve using a telephone number that appears to be local but is being routed through another location, often overseas. In some cases, telemarketers will sell consumers goods or services they don’t need and have not ordered; in others, they may inform the consumer that they have won something (like an all-expenses-paid vacation) and then charge them for it.

  1. Internet auction fraud

Internet auction frauds occur when criminals use false identities and fake financial information to buy low-priced items and then sell them for profit on websites like eBay or Craigslist.

Measures to take to prevent fraud

  • Keep personal information safe and secure. Do not reveal the social security number, credit card number, or other sensitive information.
  • Be cautious of unsolicited emails, phone calls, or texts asking for personal or financial information. These are often scams known as phishing attacks.
  • Do not open links or files from strangers. Such attachments could contain malware that could steal personal information.
  • Monitor the accounts regularly for any suspicious activity. If a user sees something unusual, they must report it immediately to their bank or credit card company.
  • Keep an anti-virus software up-to-date and run regular scans of the computer to help prevent malware infections.
  • Use strong passwords for all online accounts, and do not reuse passwords across different sites.


When it comes to fraud, fraud awareness is key. It is important to stay informed and up-to-date on the latest scams and schemes to protect an individual from falling victim to them. If a person thinks they may have been a victim of fraud, or if they have any questions about fraud awareness, they may contact the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The FTC has several resources available to help customers report and recover from identity theft and other types of fraud. 


What is fraud?

Fraud is a type of crime that involves deception to gain something of value. Fraudsters often target victims who they think are vulnerable or gullible, and they may use various methods to trick their victims into giving them money or personal information. Some common fraud types include phishing, Nigerian prince scams, and identity theft. 

How can I avoid being a victim of fraud?

To prevent being a victim of fraud, be wary of any unexpected or unsolicited requests for personal information or money, regardless of how authentic they may appear. Also, do not click on links in email messages from unknown senders; instead, type in the website’s address to ensure that a legitimate site is being visited.

How do I report fraud?

If a user thinks that they have been a victim of fraud, they must report it to their local law enforcement agency and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). 

What are the consequences of committing fraud?

The consequences of fraud can be severe, including jail time and/or heavy fines.